Personal Identity

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Learn to introduce yourself, state your address and age. This is an introductory lesson about personal identity. Click on the Tips & Notes button to view more details.

Introducing yourself

Moje ime je Marko. (My name is Marko)

Jaz sem Marko. (I'm Marko.)

Ime mi je Marko. (I'm [named/called] Marko)

There are several ways to introduce yourself. Introducing yourself is the same for males and females - just like in English.

Moj priimek je Smith. (My surname/family name is Smith)

Pišem se Smith.

There are also several ways to say what your family name or surname is. The first option in this list is straightforward to translate.

The second option "Pišem se..." is a bit more tricky to translate into English. "Pišem" is a verb meaning "write". It can be loosely interpreted as "The surname is Smith"

Kako ti je ime? (What is your name?)

Kako se pišeš? (What is your surname?)

Kako vam je ime? (What is your name?)

Kako se pišete? (What is your surname?)

 When someone asks you about your name or surname, the question will typically start with "Kako...?"

 

"Kako vam je ime?" is a polite and formal way of asking someone's name. It uses the plural pronoun but actually asks for a single person's name. It is commonly used by Slovenians and it expresses respect. It is especially polite to ask senior people "Kako vam je ime?"
Similarly the formal version of asking for someone's surname is "Kako se pišete?"

Stating your age

Star sem 20 let. (I'm 20 years old. - male)

Stara sem 20 let. (I'm 20 years old - female)

Imam 20 let.

When stating your age, you need to the correct form for your gender: star - for males, stara for females.

"Imam 20 let" is another way of stating your age. Literal translation is "I have 20 years."

Both ways of expressing your age are appropriate and grammatically correct.

Koliko si star? (How old are you?)
Koliko si stara?

Use "Koliko si star?" for males and "Koliko si stara?" for females.

Koliko ste stari? (How old are you? - formal)

Formal question uses plural pronoun. It is the same for males and females.

Stating your address / Where you come from

Sem iz Slovenije. (I'm from Slovenia)

Sem iz Londona. (I'm from London)

Use "Sem iz..." to state where you're from (country or city).

Words for countries are typically feminine nouns, therefore append ending -e.
Examples: Sem iz Nemcije/Kanade/Spanije/Avstrije...

Words for cities are usually masculine, therefore append ending -a.
Examples: Sem iz New Yorka/Toronta/Clevelanda/Sydneya...

Živim v Angliji. (I live in England.)

Živim v Celju. (I live in Celje.)

 

Moj naslov je... (My address is...)

Naslov means "address". Use this phrase to state your full address (street & city).

Od kod si? (Where are you from?)

This question asks where you're from in general. Appropriate response is to state your country or city of origin. Full address is not expected.

Kaj je tvoj naslov? (What is your address?)

"Naslov" means "address". This questions specifically asks about your address. This means you're expected to provide your full address: street number, name, city and also country depending on the context.

Profession / Occupation

Kaj si po poklicu? (What is your profession/occupation)?

Kaj je tvoj poklic?

Both variations ask about occupation. "Poklic" means "occupation/profession".

Po poklicu sem zdravnik. (I'm a doctor by occupation.)

Moj poklic je zdravnik. (My occupation is a doctor.)

Both variations state your occupation and are equally correct and appropriate. Have a look at the Occupations lesson to learn words for different occupations.