Neuter Nouns 1

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Learn to recognise and use neuter nouns in nominative and accusative case.

Neuter nouns typically end in -o or -e. Examples are: sonce (sun), besedilo (text), darilo (gift), gorivo (fuel), gnezdo (nest), jezero (lake), križišče (crossroads), mnenje (opinion), morje (sea).

The endings for neuter nouns are the same in nominative and accusative cases - too easy!

Here are some examples:

Nominative Accusative Translation
sonce sonce sun
besedilo besedilo text
darilo darilo gift
gnezdo gnezdo nest

 

The accusative case is used when an object or a person (a noun) is directly receiving the action or is the object of an action.

For example "Jaz vidim sonce" (I see the sun) - the object "sun" is receiving the action of "seeing".

We can help determine the case by using the following questions:

Case Helper Question Example
Nominative Who or what (is here)? Besedilo je tu. (The text is here)
Genitive Who or what (is not here)? Besedila ni tu. (The text is not here)
Dative To whom or to what (do we give)? Besedilu dam obliko. (I give form to the text.)
Accusative Whom or what (do we see)? Jaz vidim besedilo. (I see the text.)
Locative Next to whom or what (is)? V besedilu je napaka. (There is an error in the text.)
Instrumental With whom or with what (is)? Z besedilom je dal informacijo. (He gave information with the text.)

Further examples of when accusative is used:

Helper question Example Translation
Whom or what do I see? Vidim jezero. I see a lake.
What do I buy? Kupim gorivo. I buy fuel.
What do I read? Berem besedilo. I'm reading a text.
What do I have? Imam mnenje. I have an opinion.