Feminine Nouns 1

Back to List
0%

Learn to recognise and use feminine nouns in nominative and accusative case.

The accusative case is used when an object or a person (a noun) is directly receiving the action or is the object of an action.

For example "Jaz vidim avto" (I see a car) - the object "car" is receiving the action of "seeing".

We can help determine the case by using the following questions:

Case Helper Question Example
Nominative Who or what (is here)? Mama je tu. (Mother is here)
Genitive Who or what (is not here)? Mame ni tu. (Mother is not here)
Dative To whom or to what (do we give)? Mami dam darilo. (I give gift to mother.)
Accusative Whom or what (do we see)? Jaz vidim mamo. (I see mother)
Locative Next to whom or what (is)? Pri mami je otrok. (The child is with the mother.)
Instrumental With whom or with what (is)? Z mamo je oče.

Further examples of when accusative is used:

 

Helper question Example Translation
Whom or what do I see? Vidim pomarančo. I see an orange.
What do I eat? Jem večerjo. I'm eating dinner.
What do I read? Berem knjigo. I'm reading a book.
What do I have? Imam  sestro. I have a sister.

 

Most feminine nouns which end with -a in nominative are declensed by using 1st feminine noun declension paradigm.

Here are some examples:

Nominative Accusative Translation Notes
mama mamo mother  
sestra sestro sister  
zelenjava zelenjavo vegetables zelenjava is singular noun in Slovenian
knjiga knjigo book  
miza mizo table  
soba sobo room  
teta teto aunt  
kava kavo coffee  
banana banano banana